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Fertility Treatment

There are several different treatment options to help people suffering from infertility and the options that are best for you will depend on your personal situation and the cause of your infertility.

Fertility treatments often include medications that help with hormones and ovulation, sometimes combined with minor or major surgical procedures. Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) describes several kinds of procedures performed in a laboratory, that can help you to conceive. ART includes procedures that make it easier for sperm to fertilize an egg, and help the embryo implant in your womb.


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Artificial Insemination (IUI) ∨

In intrauterine insemination (IUI), concentrated sperm cells  are injected directly into a woman’s uterus.  It makes the trip shorter for the sperm and avoids any possible obstructions e.g. Cervical mucus.


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In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) ∨

A procedure in which eggs are extracted from a woman’s ovary and fertilized  with sperm outside the body to form embryos. The embryos are grown in the laboratory for several days and then either placed in a woman’s uterus or cryopreserved (frozen) for future use.


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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) ∨

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection forms part of an IVF cycle but the fertilization process is different in that a single sperm cell is injected directly into an egg. This technique is used primarily in couples that suffer from male infertility.


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Donor Egg IVF ∨

Egg donation is the process by which a young healthy woman (usually anonymous) donates her eggs to another person (recipient) for the purpose of creating embryos via in vitro fertilization.  These are then transferred into the recipient’s uterus to ultimately result in a pregnancy.

Donor eggs are typically used in cases of early onset menopause or advanced maternal age, when no (or very few) eggs are present in the ovaries.

Before being able to donate, egg donors undergo various medical screening assessments to ensure that quality, healthy egs will be donated.


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Donor Sperm Insemination ∨

Donor Sperm Insemination is a fertility treatment that involves using a sperm donor to conceive. Insemination typically refers to intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with a donor but can also be used as part of an IVF cycle.

Donor sperm is typically used in cases of severe male infertility, when no alive sperm cells are available for fertility treatment.

Before being able to donate, sperm donors undergo various medical screening assessments to ensure that quality, healthy sperm will be donated.


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Testicular Sperm Extraction ∨

Testicular Sperm Extraction is a surgical procedure in which a small portion of tissue is removed from the testicle and any viable sperm cells from that tissue are extracted for use in further procedures, most commonly Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) as part of In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)


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Surrogacy ∨

Surrogacy is a pregnancy in which a woman carries and gives birth to a baby for another person who is not able to carry a child. Eggs from the biological mother are fertilized with sperm from the biological father and the embryo transferred into the womb of the surrogate that will carry the baby to term.

Conditions and procedures related to Fertility Treatment

  • All Articles
  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
  • Endometriosis
  • Fibroids
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Infertility
  • Laparoscopy
  • Myomectomy
  • Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

What is Endometriosis?

When tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus (the endometrium) grows outside your uterus. “Tell-tale” signs of endometriosis Progressive menstrual pain No response to pain medication Not able to perform normal activities during periods due to pain What is Laparoscopy? Laparoscopy is the gold standard for the diagnosis of…

What is Endometriosis

Dr Jaco Strydom explains what endometriosis is and some of the most common symptoms of this condition.

What is Uterine Fibroids (Leiomyoma)?

Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths that develop from the muscle tissue of the uterus. They also are called leiomyomas or myomas. The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may be inside the womb (uterus), on its outer surface, within its wall or attached to it by a stem-like structure.…

What is a Hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure which allows the doctor to directly visualise the inner cervix and the uterine (womb) cavity.  The hysteroscope is a small diameter lens with a strong light source and a small camera at the end that can be passed through the cervix and into the womb.  It can be performed…

Common Myths in Infertility

In this video Dr Jaco Strydom explains some of the common myths regarding infertility.

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